Specific Learning Disability explained as:

  • Is an inability to Acquire, Retain or Generalize Specific Skills?
  • Poor attention, Memory, Reasoning.
  • Poor in academic skill like Reading, Writing, Spelling, Comprehension, Concept Forming, Generalizing and Implementation.
  • With average or above average IQ.
  • It is not same Mentally Retarded (MR) / Autism.

HINTS FOR FINDING LD AND DYSLEXIA !

If a child in grades 5-8 regularly exhibits some or all of the following characteristics, he / she may have learning disabilities.

  1. Reverses letter and words (d/b, M/W, soiled/solid, left/felt).
  2. Slow to learn prefixes, suffixes, root words and other spelling strategies.
  3. Avoids reading aloud, reads poorly, slowly and word by word.
  4. Not able to blend the words, poor at spelling.
  5. Difficulty with hand-writing, untidy writing.
  6. Awkward, fist-like or tight pencil grip.
  7. Avoids writing compositions, refusing to do written work.
  8. Poor memory, Slow or poor recall of facts.
  9. Getting low marks in few or all subjects or recent deceleration in academics.
  10. Difficulty making friends / withdrawn, poor interaction with others.
  11. Trouble understanding body language and facial expressions.
  12. Hyperactive or Inattentive.
  13. Intelligent but called foolish or dumb.
  14. Behavior immature for the age.

HOW TO HELP !


If your child performs badly in school, look for the cause. If it is DYSLEXIA.


PARENTS

  1. Don’t label him lazy or dumb.
  2. Discuss the problem with him.
  3. Consult the teacher.
  4. Get your child assessed.
  5. Spot the child’s strength.
  6. Encourage him.
  7. Find out his areas of interests / excellence and motivate in these areas.

TEACHERS

  1. Don’t punish.
  2. Look for the cause.
  3. Discuss the problem with parents.
  4. Understand the problem with parents disorder is a physiological anomaly.
  5. Let him know that you understand.
  6. Offer special care.
  7. Consciously look for skills.
  8. History of late to talk.

Types of Specific Learning Disabilities:

  1. Dyslexia - Reading Disability.
  2. Dyscalculia - Mathematical or Calculation Disability.
  3. Dysgraphia - Writing Disability.
  4. Dyspraxia - Poor Planning and Execution Disturbance.
  5. Difficulty in Spelling.
  6. Mixed.

Co-morbid Disorders:

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
  • Conduct Disorder.
  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Tourtte Disorder.
  • Behavioral Disorders.
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD).
  • Low Self Esteem.
  • School Refusal.

TWELVE KEYS TO SMART STUDY HABITS !

  • Set priorities according to due dates, project size, degree of difficulty, and importance of the assignment.
  • Start early, this gives you flexibility when the unexpected happens.
  • Develop a study routine - same time, same place, avoid doing other things in your study place.
  • Use good lighting and avoid distractions. Eliminate background noise, and don’t get too comfortable.
  • Minimize time spent getting ready - no more than 5 minutes.
  • When you don’t feel like it, study any way, this strengthens your routine and moves you steadily toward your goals. No Excuses!
  • Tackle your most difficult assignments first, while you are fresh.
  • Develop the habit of studying alone. Use group study only to get missed information or for a more complete overview.
  • Focus on only one subject at a time. Put all together course materials out of sight.
  • Use the SQ5R Method, get an overview, and determine key concepts, Read, Recall-Review-Record etc.,
  • Take regular short breaks, but no more than 10 minutes per hour.
  • Schedule well enough in advance that the night before the test is spent reviewing what you have already learned.
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