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"Dyslexia or Specific Learning Disability" is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities. These disorders are intrinsic to individual, presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction and may occur across the life span. Problems in self-regulatory behaviors, social perception and social interaction may exist with learning disabilities but do not by themselves constitute a learning disability. Although learning disabilities may occur concomitantly with other handicapping conditions (for example sensory impairment, mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance) or with extrinsic influences such as cultural differences, insufficient or inappropriate instruction, they are not the result of these condition or influences. (Wong, 1996, p.40). 

 

Some young children doing poorly at school are actually Intelligent. Their overall global brain growth is normal. but specific brain areas concerned with the Academic skills of Reading, Writing, Spelling, Mathematics or Language have not functioning adequately.

 

Children with Dyslexia or Specific Learning disabilities are found nearly in every classroom. These children have average or above-average intelligence. Their eyesight and hearing capacity are in normal stage. They are not physically handicapped, mentally retarded or emotionally disturbed.

 

A person with dyslexia is someone whose problem in reading is not the result of emotional problems, lack of motivation, poor teaching, mental retardation, or vision or hearing deficits. Dyslexia is a persistent, lifelong condition. There's no cure for it, but there are ways to approach learning and be successful.

 

It is every common problem 15 -20% students are suffering from Specific Learning Disabilities in our India.

 

ARE THERE ANY FAMOUS DYSLEXICS

 

Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, George Bush, Thomas Alva Edison, Winston Churchill, Alexander Graham Bell, Walt Disney etc.

 

WE WONDER HOW MANY POTENTIAL EINSTEIN’S HAVE BEEN LOST BECAUSE THEY WERE COMPLETELY MISUNDERSTOOD!

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Types of Specific Learning Disabilities:
1) Dyslexia - Reading Disability.
2) Dyscalculia - Mathematical or Calculation Disability.
3) Dysgraphia - Writing Disability.
4) Dyspraxia - Poor Planning and Execution Disturbance.
5) Difficulty in Spelling.
6) Mixed.

Co-morbidity:
1) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
2) Conduct Disorder.
3) Depression.
4) Anxiety.
5) Tourette Disorder.
6) Behavioral Disorders.
7) Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD).
8) Low Self Esteem.
9) School Refusal.

 

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